With panic shopping resulting in empty shelves at the local stores due to COVID-19 virus, it has become apparent that manufacturing supply chains are essential in these times. In order to restock the shelves and allow people to get the products they need, manufacturers have to continue to operate when they are deemed essential. Manufacturers don’t have the luxury of being able to work from home or work virtually; it requires them to be on-the-job, ready to go to perform their functions.
Even for simple, necessary products, a team of workers must put their fears away and show up to work. Take hand sanitizer: Hand sanitizer requires an oil and gas company to supply raw materials for plastic, a cracker plant to produce plastic pellets, a tool and die manufacturer to make a mold, and a plastic facility to mold the bottle and cap. Finally, the chemical company can mix and produce the gel to go inside. All of the manufacturers in this supply chain example - considered essential business.
Here are 5 things that manufacturers can do to keep necessary facilities running in an effective but safe way.
The three most common indicators of COVID-19, the illness caused by the coronavirus, are elevated temperature, coughing and difficulty breathing. Observing these symptoms, and of course, sending anyone home that appears to be showing symptoms is your first line of containment. Offering every employee face masks to wear while at work will help prevent the droplets from spreading around person to person or on equipment. (NOTE: if you make face mask wearing a requirement – you will need an OSHA mandatory face mask fitting from an outside professional service.) Currently, since the CDC has determined that we are in a pandemic, there are options that may work for your company in an effort to protect all employees. An excerpt from the EEOC website:
Generally, measuring an employee’s body temperature is a medical examination. If pandemic influenza symptoms become more severe than the seasonal flu or the H1N1 virus in the spring/summer of 2009, or if pandemic influenza becomes widespread in the community as assessed by state or local health authorities or the CDC, then employers may measure employees’ body temperature.
However, employers should be aware that some people with influenza, including the 2009 H1N1 virus or COVID-19, do not have a fever.
Because the CDC and state/local health authorities have acknowledged community spread of COVID-19 and issued attendant precautions as of March 2020, employers may measure employees' body temperature. As with all medical information, the fact that an employee had a fever or other symptoms would be subject to ADA confidentiality requirements.
When modifying schedules to accommodate fewer people in any given workspace, it is important to manage output expectations. However, these strategies can help you avoid completely closing down. Consider splitting work into smaller shifts with fewer machines or employees operating at any given time, reducing the amount of hours for all employees without laying anyone off entirely, and staggering breaks and lunchtimes to limit close interactions.
This seems to be a no-brainer, but a conscious decision to wash your hands periodically and after each movement around the facility can reduce the virus’s spread. Think about mandating hand washing before and after using the bathroom, taking breaks, and attending meetings, but also having disinfectant for the employees to use frequently. Put hand sanitizer at every workstation to be used before and after machine touches, and create cleaning stations that include rubber gloves, disposable coveralls, and 70% alcohol solution for cleaning, disposable rags or towels, etc.
Ensure that employees are wiping down door handles, computers, touch screens and hand tools at shift change and at break times with disinfectant. Commonly used areas should either be cleaned regularly or avoided altogether. Operator controls should be cleaned at every single interval. Make sure employees know how to thoroughly clean these areas without damaging any electronics! See the U.S. Food and Drug Administration 21 CFR 211.67 for clean room practices. Having a professional outside cleaner, on a regular basis, to thoroughly disinfect the entire facility will also help keep the spread of virus down.
Some companies have been handing out stylus pens to machine operators to help prevent employees touching machine controls and potential spreading of virus.
At this time, the recommended safe distance for working is six feet apart from another human and no more than 10 people to be assembled in a group. Stay up-to-date with the evolving suggestions here: https://www.cdc.gov/coronavirus/2019-ncov/index.html.